Jobs and Development: Creating Multi-Disciplinary Solutions

realization time: since 2014

The Institute for Structural Research is a member of the Network for Jobs and Development (NJD) partnership financed from of the World Bank’s Development Grant Facility (DGF).  The NJD was established to pursue a multi-sectoral and multi-disciplinary approach to the global jobs agenda during the period 2013-16. IBS is one of five global institutions that are joining the NJD. Our partners include:

  • Development Policy Research Unit at University of Cape Town (DPRU)
  • Institute for Emerging Market Studies at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST IEMS)
  • Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)
  • Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association (LACEA)

while the World Bank Jobs group is our counterpart at the World Bank.   Building on the WDR 13 on Jobs, the Jobs Knowledge Platform, and the interest of the international community in employment as part of the post-2015 MDG and the G20 agendas, this program builds a vibrant community of individuals and institutions working on issues related to jobs that will share experiences and knowledge to inform policy debates and offer development solutions. The NJD Initiative recognizes employment generation as a critical condition for raising living standards, achieving poverty reduction, and the role of globalization in improving labour working conditions.   It supports the extension of the benefits of growth and good jobs to lagging regions within countries and emphasizes the role of employment and skills in driving economic growth.   The goal of the NJD is to contribute to the creation of multi-sector, multi-disciplinary solutions to the jobs challenges around the world based on research and empirical evidence from programs on the ground. This will help facilitate the identification and dissemination of best practices and innovations on job creation.


From 2017 to 2018 the project is funded by IBS own funds.


  • Development Policy Reserch Unit at University of Cape Town (DPRU)
  • Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)
  • Institute for Emerging Market Studies at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST IEMS)
  • Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association (LACEA)
  • World Bank Jobs Group
The VI Jobs & Development Conference
Researchers from all over the world presented a wide range of the latest research on labour economics, mainly focusing on the challenge of creating better jobs in developing countries.
INVITATION! Jobs & Development Conference again in the in-person formula in Cape Town!
The meeting of economists, policymakers and development experts will take place on December 14 & 15, 2022 in Cape Town and online!
6th Jobs and Development Conference “The Challenge of Creating Better Jobs in Developing Countries”
The 6th edition of the Jobs & Development conference co-hosted by IBS will be held this year in Cape Town on December 14-14, 20222. The deadline for submissions is July 1.
Explaining international differences in the nature of work
Materials from IEAMS HKUST seminar, during which Piotr Lewandowski and Albert Park presented their new paper – Hong Kong, 25.04.
EALE 2018
Our research at the 30th Annual Conference of the European Association of Labour Economists in Lyon (France) – 13-15.09.
Job retention among older workers
IBS Working Paper has been published in the Baltic Journal of Economics.
The World Labor Conference 2018
IBS research was presented at the IZA World Labor Conference in Berlin.
Working parents are more likely to invest time into children
Iga Magda and Roma Keister presented IBS research at the European Population Conference – EPC 2018 (Brussels, June 6-9).
The role of trade unions in Central and Eastern Europe
Although trade unions weakened substantially in CEE countries during the 1990s, there have been some signs of their revival since the 2000s - Iga Magda for IZA World of Labor.
5th European User Conference for EU-Microdata
On the 2nd and 3rd of March 2017 the IBS team took part in the 5th European User Conference for EU-Microdata, organised by the German Microdata Lab, GESIS and cooperated with Eurostat.
Jobs and Development Conference. November 2-3, 2016, Washington D.C.
The Network on Jobs and Development and the World Bank Jobs Group held a two-day conference to discuss the latest policy-relevant research to foster the creation of multi-sector, multi-disciplinary solutions to jobs challenges around the world.
IBS research to be presented at a seminar in Hong Kong
Piotr Lewandowski will present the results of research on routinisation of labour markets in Central and Eastern European countries at a seminar organised by the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Institute for Emerging Market Studies.
Fourth International BIBB/IAB/ZEW Conference TASKS IV took place at ZEW headquarters in Mannheim, Germany, on September 8-9.
Jobs and Development conference
On November 2-3, IBS will co-host the Jobs and Development conference in Washington D.C. We kindly invite you to submit your papers, with the deadline of August 28.
Shaping the new world of work. The impacts of digitalisation and robotisation
The impact of digital technologies on the quantity and quality of jobs, wages and workplace relations was the topic of the ETUC/ETUI conference which took place on 27-29 June 2016 in Brussels.
IBS Team at the NTA 11 workshop and symposium in Senegal
Piotr Lewandowski, Wojciech Hardy and Maciej Lis participated in the National Transfer Account (NTA) workshop in Saly, Senegal that took place from June 21 to June 24.
WIEM 2016 Conference
The Warsaw International Economic Meeting, organised by the University of Warsaw Faculty of Economic Sciences and CenEA (cooperating partner) will take place from June 28 to 30.
Implications of the retreat from mandatory pension funds in CEE
Agnieszka Chłoń-Domińczak, via World Bank Blogs, talks about the consequences of the recent post-financial crisis retreat from mandatory pension funds among CEE countries.
Retention of older female workers essential for countering ageing
Wojciech Hardy on World Bank blog about the recent IBS research on job retention of workers nearing retirement.
Population Association of America – Iga Magda presented there her joint work with Michał Brzeziński on inequality of opportunity.
Population Association of America (PAA) Annual 2016 conference took place in Washington, DC (USA) on March 31st – April 2nd.
The pitfalls of university boom: evidence of rising overeducation in Poland
Poland, as other CEE countries, has experienced a very strong increase in university enrollment. Young graduates face difficulties to enter the labour market and they often tend to work in jobs not corresponding to their education.
Everyone needs tech skills, not just youth
In a new World Bank blog post, Piotr Lewandowski (IBS), Radhicka Kapoor (ICRIER) and Siddhartha Raja (WB) explain who benefits and who suffers from technological change in the labour market.
Minimum wage in Poland needs change, not a revolution
The government of Poland is right to try to increase minimum wage coverage of workers, but its proposal how to do it has several drawbacks which can hurt jobs.
Urbanization, Structural Change, and Employment
Conference on urbanization, structural change, and employment took place in Hong Kong on December 11-13 as a part of the Network on Jobs and Development activities.
International Conference on Jobs for Development: Creating Jobs in South Asia
Conference on jobs and development took place on December 3-4 in New Delhi with a focus on labour regulations, informality, demography and job creation in South Asia.
Less is more for unions in Central and Eastern Europe
In majority of CEE countries, trade union membership declined sharply after the economic transition.
Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa
A workshop on matters such as urbanisation and labour regulations, in the particular context of labour markets in SubSaharan Africa, took place in Cape Town.
IBS Jobs Conference 2015 – the report, photos, presentations
The conference proved its international character and provided a unique opportunity in Poland to learn about and discuss recent research on a range of issues touching upon labour, technology, education, regulations and inequalities.
Educational boom in Poland
Educational boom in Poland increased the share of working-age people with tertiary degree from 12% in 2001 to 26% in 2013.
Occupation classifications crosswalks – from O*NET-SOC to ISCO
Our crosswalks include a full step-by-step mapping of the O*NET data, coded with an extended version of SOC-00 and SOC-10 to ISCO-88 and ISCO-08 coding (used for most European data, including EU LFS).
2019-04-23 Technology, Skills, and Globalization: Explaining International Differences in Routine and Nonroutine Work Using Survey Data
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The shift away from manual and routine cognitive work, and towards non-routine cognitive work is a key feature of labor markets. There is no evidence, however, if the relative importance of various tasks differs between workers performing seemingly similar jobs in different countries. We develop ...
2017-09-29 Childhood circumstances, personality traits and adult-life economic outcomes in developing countries: Evidence from STEP
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This paper studies the associations between childhood circumstances (e.g. parental background, early-life socio-economic status, negative economic shocks during childhood, etc.), personality traits (the Big Five, grit) and adult-life economic outcomes (educational attainment, employment opportunity, wages, life satisfaction, and obesity) in nine developing countries. The data ...
2017-06-16 Temporary employment boom in Poland – a job quality vs. quantity trade-off?
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Between 2002 and 2015, temporary employment in Poland more than doubled. Poland became the country with the highest share of temporary jobs in the EU. In this paper we study this process from the job quality vs. job quantity perspective. We analyse gaps between temporary ...
2017-04-27 Measuring skills mismatches revisited – introducing sectoral approach
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Appropriate measuring of skills mismatches is necessary to create an adequate policy response. We analyse the existing evidence, in particular in large scale international surveys: Survey of Skills (PIAAC) and European Skills and Jobs Survey (ESJ). We find out that national, occupational and sectoral differences ...
2017-03-28 Routine and ageing? The Intergenerational Divide In The Deroutinisation Of Jobs In Europe
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This paper analyses the age dimension of changes in the task composition of jobs in 12 European countries between 1998 and 2015. We use the approach proposed by Autor et al. (2003) and Acemoglu & Autor (2011), and combine O*NET occupation content data with EU-LFS ...
2017-01-24 Job retention among older workers in Central and Eastern Europe
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We study job retention rates – the shares of workers who continue to work in the same job over the next five years – in Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia. Job retention among older workers is key to prolonging careers and increasing employment of older ...
2016-06-20 A routine transition? Causes and consequences of the changing content of jobs in Central and Eastern Europe
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In this paper, we study the shift from manual to cognitive work in 10 economies of Central and Eastern Europe. We highlight the growth in the non-routine cognitive component of jobs, but pay particular attention to the increase in routine cognitive tasks, a trend that ...
2016-04-29 Inequality of opportunity in Central and Eastern Europe: accounting for changes over time
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We study changes in income inequality and inequality of opportunity (IO) in seven Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. Using EU SILC 2005 and 2011 data, we make a first attempt to apply inequality decompositions based on RIF regression to the problem of changes in ...
2016-04-28 Age or time-to-death – what drives health care expenditures? Panel data evidence from the OECD countries
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The most important engines for the growth of aggregate health care expenditures (HCE) in last 50 years in OECD have been growth of income, technological progress in medicine and their interaction with institutional setting. The accelerating ageing is expected to additionally fuel the growth of ...
2016-04-27 Minimum Wage Violation In Central And Eastern Europe
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Minimum wages continue to be at the centre of the policy debates in both developed and emerging economies. Such policies can only be effective if (1) the existing regulatory system does not have gaps that allow for the payment of wages below the minimum wage, ...
2016-02-27 Technology Or Upskilling? Trends In The Task Composition Of Jobs In Central And Eastern Europe
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In this paper we analyse the changes in the task content of jobs in Central and Eastern European countries between 1998 and 2013. We link the O*NET data on occupational characteristics with EU-LFS, following the approach of Autor, Levy and Murnane (2003) as well as ...
2015-06-29 Do entrants take it all? The evolution of task content of jobs in Poland
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In this paper we analyse changes in the task content of jobs in Poland between 1996 and 2014. We follow the Autor, Levy & Murnane (2003) and Acemoglu and Autor (2011) approach using the O*NET 2003 and 2014 data and Polish LFS at 4-digit occupation ...
2015-05-31 Labour market segmentation and pensions in the Polish defined-contribution scheme
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In this paper we apply a cohort model of the pension scheme to analyse the impact of labour market segmentation, in particular the use of contracts on mandate, on expected retirement benefits in Poland. Heterogeneity of labour force and impact of differences in years of ...
2015-03-19 Lower coverage but stronger unions? Institutional changes and union wage premia in central Europe
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In this paper Iga Magda (Warsaw School of Economics and Institute for Structural Research (IBS)), David Marsden (Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science) and Simone Moriconi (Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, Università Cattolica di Milano and Centre for Research in ...
2015-02-26 The effects of minimum wage on a labour market with high temporary employment
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In this paper, we use propensity score matching and a difference-in-differences estimator to study the impact of minimum wage hikes on labour market outcomes in Poland in 2002-2013. We focus on job separations, adjustments of hours worked, share of full-time jobs and of real wages. ...
2015-01-30 Uncertainty in the labour market: How does fixed-term employment affect fertility and mental health of the young generation?
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Wolfgang Auer (Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich and Ifo Institute, Munich) and Natalia Danzer (Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Ifo Institute, Munich, and IZA Bonn) study the short- to medium-run effects of starting a career on a fixed-term contract on fertility and health outcomes. We ...
2015-01-28 Youth unemployment and mental health: dominance approach. Evidence from Poland
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Martyna Kobus (Institute of Economics of Polish Academy of Sciences) and Marcin Jakubek (Instytut Nauk Ekonomicznych PAN) present evidence on the relationship between mental health and unemployment among Polish youth. The literature establishes links between mental health and unemployment, but the evidence concerning youths is ...
2015-01-27 Crowding (out) the retirees? RDD application to raising effective retirement age in Poland
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As of 2007 increased labor force participation of the elderly has been observed in Poland. In 2009 a reform in the eligibility criteria narrowed the scope of early retirement opportunities for majority of the occupations. We rely on Polish LFS and employ regression discontinuity design ...
2015-01-15 Skill based labour demand and the wage growth of younger workers: Evidence from an unexpected pension reform
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Large-scale pension reforms can have redistributive wage effects across generations and education groups when the labour market suffers from skill mismatch. A quasi-experimental ‘retirement shock’ in Ukraine illustrates the effect of labour scarcity on wage growth and returns to education: it reveals that young and ...
2015-01-13 Intergenerational educational mobility and completed fertility
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This paper investigates the role of intergenerational social mobility in completed fertility of women born between 1948 and 1972 in Poland. It examines the hypothesis of acculturation, which implies that fertility of the mobiles will be in between that seen in their parents’ (origin) and ...
2014-12-18 Computers at schools: it’s not enough to have them and it’s not enough to use them
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In this policy paper we discussed a broad range of topics covering student access to computers at home and school, different uses of computers for learning and the impact of ICT use on different groups of students. Introducing computers into schools generates both new opportunities ...
2014-12-17 Agricultural development and structural change
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The paper advocates public support for the development of agriculture as a way to facilitate structural change in developing countries. In the first chapter we describe the global transformation in agriculture that has taken place over last few decades. Despite fast population growth, the growth ...
2014-11-20 Time for quality in vocational education
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The aim of this text is to summarise the key changes in the situation of vocational education graduates on the labour market in the last 25 years in Poland. It presents the main changes in vocational education and the sources of the observed problems, while ...
2014-10-20 Dual labour markets, minimum wage and inequalities
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This brief is a summary of the „2014 Conference on dual labour markets, minimum wage and inequalities” which took place in Warsaw. It briefly discusses the main causes of labour market duality in the developed countries, consequences of duality and some of the policy implications ...
2014-06-06 Health, productivity and ageing
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In this paper we provide a comparative cross-country analysis of individual age-wage profiles for different health statuses. Using semi-parametric regressions run on EU-SILC data we aim at answering the question on the relationship between individual health and productivity and its changes in the life cycle, ...
2014-05-20 Dual labour market in Poland – proposals for overcoming the deadlock
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The report discusses the phenomenon of dual labour market, which in Poland involves abuse of the possibility to hire employees under civil law contracts. The report also presents solutions aimed at curbing this phenomenon. We propose introducing a so-called single contract, adapted to the Polish ...
2014-05-16 What if you were German? – DSGE approach to the Great Recession on labour markets
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In this paper we utilize an open economy DSGE model to analyse factors behind the Great Recession and its transmission into labour markets of selected Southern European countries. We introduce a number of shocks which form potential sources of macroeconomic disturbances, in particular: foreign demand, ...
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Piotr Lewandowski
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