J21      Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
( 27 - Publication )
2020-01-16 Increasing female labour force participation in Poland
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I would like to thank Jan Rutkowski for his support in preparing the paper and all valuable remarks and Mateusz Smoter for his helpful comments. The content of this publication reflects the opinions of the author, which may diverge from the position of the Institute ...
2019-12-16 Not studying or working. A challenge for public policy?
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This publication was created as part of the “Youth Employment PartnerSHIP” project, which seeks to combat unemployment among young people. It measures the effectiveness of instruments to support young people who aren’t working or studying in four countries: Poland, Spain, Italy and Hungary. The project ...
2019-04-23 Technology, Skills, and Globalization: Explaining International Differences in Routine and Nonroutine Work Using Survey Data
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The shift away from manual and routine cognitive work, and towards non-routine cognitive work is a key feature of labor markets. There is no evidence, however, if the relative importance of various tasks differs between workers performing seemingly similar jobs in different countries. We develop ...
2018-10-25 Managing coal sector transition under the ambitious emission reduction scenario in Poland. Focus on labour
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This report presents the main economic facts on the role of coal in the Polish economy, and analyses the implications of the transition away from coal for coal consumption and coal mining employment in Poland. Poland’s energy mix relies on coal, most of which is ...
2018-06-25 How does technology change the nature of work? Poland vs. the EU
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*I would like to express my gratitude to Wojciech Hardy for his help in preparing the diagrams and collaboration in writing scientific articles which were the starting point for this paper. I would also like to thank Roma Keister and Szymon Górka for collaboration in ...
2018-03-20 The “Family 500+” child allowance and female labour supply in Poland
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In 2016 the Polish government introduced a large new child benefit, called “Family 500+”, with the aim to increase fertility from a low level and reduce child poverty. The benefit is universal for the second and every further child and means-tested for the first child. ...
2018-03-19 Tasks and skills in European labour markets. Background paper for the World Bank report “Growing United: Upgrading Europe’s Convergence Machine”
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Since the 1970s, the reallocation of labour from manual to cognitive jobs, and from routine work to non-routine work, has been one of the key developments on labour markets around the world. In this paper we collect the stylised facts on the evolution of the ...
2018-03-19 Age, tasks and skills in European labour markets. Background paper for the world bank report “Growing United: Upgrading Europe’s Convergence Machine”
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There are important intergenerational differences behind aggregate shifts away from manual jobs towards cognitive jobs, and away from routine work towards non-routine work. We study these age and cohort patterns in tasks and skills in European countries. Changes in the task composition were happening much ...
2017-03-31 Productivity based selection to retirement: Evidence from EU-SILC
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The age-productivity and age-employment profiles in each of the 28 European countries are investigated jointly using the harmonized survey of income and living conditions (EU-SILC). Based on the employment rates and the age of leaving the labour market, we propose four clusters of countries: with ...
2017-03-28 Routine and ageing? The Intergenerational Divide In The Deroutinisation Of Jobs In Europe
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This paper analyses the age dimension of changes in the task composition of jobs in 12 European countries between 1998 and 2015. We use the approach proposed by Autor et al. (2003) and Acemoglu & Autor (2011), and combine O*NET occupation content data with EU-LFS ...
2017-01-24 Job retention among older workers in Central and Eastern Europe
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We study job retention rates – the shares of workers who continue to work in the same job over the next five years – in Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia. Job retention among older workers is key to prolonging careers and increasing employment of older ...
2016-06-20 A routine transition? Causes and consequences of the changing content of jobs in Central and Eastern Europe
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In this paper, we study the shift from manual to cognitive work in 10 economies of Central and Eastern Europe. We highlight the growth in the non-routine cognitive component of jobs, but pay particular attention to the increase in routine cognitive tasks, a trend that ...
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