Women in Poland work less often than women in the EU, in particular women with lower education, women living in small towns and rural areas, mothers of two. This paper looks at the factors hindering women’s employment and discusses areas where public policy could increase women’s labour force participation.
I would like to thank Jan Rutkowski for his support in preparing the paper and all valuable remarks and Mateusz Smoter for his helpful comments. The content of this publication reflects the opinions of the author, which may diverge from the position of the Institute for Structural Research. The usual disclaimers apply. Own work based on Eurostat, Statistics Poland (GUS), CBOS and ESS data. These institutions are not liable for the presented results and conclusions.