It’s cold inside – energy poverty in Poland

30 November 2015

The aim of this paper is to present a statistical measure of energy poverty in Poland. This is the first research for Poland which is strictly based on the methodology applied in the United Kingdom − the only country with a statutory definition of energy poverty. We calculate three measures: absolute – “10% of income”, modified absolute – “13% of income” and relative − Low Income High Costs (LIHC). The results are compared with a subjective energy situation assessment made by households. Moreover, we answer the question to what extent energy poverty coincides with income poverty. After examining the different variants of the definition, we recommend using the relative LIHC definition in Poland. According to this measure, 17% of the Polish population (6.44 million people) are exposed to energy poverty, especially occupants of detached houses, inhabitants of rural areas, households living on non-earned sources, single parents and married couples with at least 2 children.

keywords: energy poverty, income poverty, energy expenditure
JEL codes: 
publication year: 2015
language: polishenglish
Publications category: 
publishing series: IBS Working Paper
publication number: 16/2015
ISSN: 2451-4373
Additional information:

The publication was developed by a grant funded by the European Climate Foundation. Part of the results was established in cooperation with Institute for Sustainable Development.

Projects related to this publication:

Institute of Public Affairs

Institute for Structural Research (IBS)

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