In Poland, about 10% (1.3 million) of the population are energy-poor households that cannot heat and light their dwellings properly or use electrical appliances. The most common causes of energy poverty are low energy efficiency of the building and heat source, high energy costs and low income. Poor housing and health problems are often associated with fuel poverty. How to improve the quality of life of the energy poor? The authors of the new Policy Paper, Jakub Sokołowski and Jan Frankowski, propose two public interventions to help reduce the scale of energy poverty in Poland.