What if she earns more? Gender norms, income inequality, and the division of housework.

6 April 2023

Using data from the “Generation and Gender Survey” for Poland, we study the relationship between women’s relative income within the household, as measured by the female share of total household income, and women’s involvement in housework. We find that households in which the woman contributes more to the total household income are more likely to share housework equally. We also find that individual gender norms matter for women’s involvement in unpaid work at home and the observed link between the female share of income and inequality between the partners in the division of housework. Women from less traditional households are more likely to share housework equally. However, this negative relationship between the female share of household income and female involvement in housework is not observed among more traditional couples.

keywords: household income, income inequality, housework, gender norms.
JEL codes: 
publication year: 2023
language: english
Publications category:  ,
publishing series: IBS Working Paper
publication number: WP 02/2023
ISSN: 2451-4373
Additional information:

We thank the participants of the 2019 Gender and Family in the Labor Market Conference (Prague, Czechia), the 2021 Economic and Social Costs of Gender Inequality FROGEE (the Forum for Research on Eastern Europe and Emerging Economies Conference) at the Kyiv School of Economics, the Population Association of America 2021 meeting, and the Generations and Gender Programme User Conference 2021, and the members of the LABFAM research centre for their valuable comments and suggestions. This article was prepared within a project financed by the National Science Centre, Poland, project no. UMO-2017/27/B/HS4/01201.

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Journal of Family and Economic Issues

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Institute for Structural Research (IBS), Warsaw School of Economics (SGH)

Institute for Structural Research (IBS), University of Warsaw

Institute for Structural Research (IBS)

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