J24      Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
( 23 - Publication )
2023-10-09 Automation and income inequality in Europe
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We study the effects of robot penetration on household income inequality in 14 European countries between 2006–2018, a period marked by the rapid adoption of industrial robots. We establish that, similarly to the United States, automation reduced relative hourly wages and employment of directly affected ...
2023-06-28 The role of Global Value Chains for worker tasks and wage inequality
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This paper studies the relationship between global value chain (GVC) participation, worker-level routine task intensity, and wage inequality within countries. Using unique survey data from 38 countries, we find that higher GVC participation is associated with more routine-intensive work, especially among workers in offshorable occupations. ...
2022-11-28 The global divergence in the de-routinisation of jobs
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We establish new stylised facts about the global evolution and distribution of routine and non-routine work, relaxing the common assumption that occupations are identical globally. We combine survey data and regression models to predict the country-specific routine-task intensity of occupations in 87 countries employing over ...
2022-09-12 The Impact of ICT and Robots on Labour Market Outcomes of Demographic Groups in Europe
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We study the age- and gender-specific labour market effects of two key modern technologies – Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), and robots – in 14 European countries between 2010-2018. To identify the causal effects of technology adoption, we utilize the variation of technology adoption between ...
2022-01-12 The impact of robots on labour market transitions in Europe.
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We study the effects of robot exposure on worker flows in 16 European countries between 1998-2017. Overall, we find small negative effects on job separations and small positive effects on job findings. Labour costs are shown to be a major driver of cross-country differences: the ...
2020-06-17 The global distribution of routine and non-routine work
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Studies of the effects of technology and globalization on employment and inequality commonly assume that occupations are identical around the world in the job tasks they require. To relax this assumption, we develop a regression-based methodology to predict the country-specific routine task intensity (RTI) of ...
2020-05-06 Overeducation and wages: the role of cognitive skills and personality traits
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This article investigates the role of personality traits and cognitive skills as potential determinants of overeducation and in explaining overeducation wage penalty. Using a representative survey of the Polish working-age population, with well-established measures of cognitive skills and personality traits, I find that accounting for ...
2019-11-06 Trends in occupational segregation by gender in a post-communist country
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The communist states promoted women’s participation in the labour market and encouraged women to enter male-dominated occupations, which should have resulted in relatively low levels of occupational segregation by gender. I show that after the transition to the market economy, the level of occupational segregation ...
2019-04-23 Technology, Skills, and Globalization: Explaining International Differences in Routine and Nonroutine Work Using Survey Data
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The shift away from manual and routine cognitive work, and towards non-routine cognitive work is a key feature of labor markets. There is no evidence, however, if the relative importance of various tasks differs between workers performing seemingly similar jobs in different countries. We develop ...
2018-12-19 Wage premia for skills: The complementarity of cognitive and non-cognitive skills
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This paper provides evidence on the association between individuals' cognitive abilities, personality traits, and earnings. I find that cognitive skills and certain personality traits are complements. In particular, I find that cognitive skills and emotional stability are complementary, with neurotic individuals having significantly lower returns ...
2018-06-25 How does technology change the nature of work? Poland vs. the EU
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*I would like to express my gratitude to Wojciech Hardy for his help in preparing the diagrams and collaboration in writing scientific articles which were the starting point for this paper. I would also like to thank Roma Keister and Szymon Górka for collaboration in ...
2018-03-19 Age, tasks and skills in European labour markets. Background paper for the world bank report “Growing United: Upgrading Europe’s Convergence Machine”
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There are important intergenerational differences behind aggregate shifts away from manual jobs towards cognitive jobs, and away from routine work towards non-routine work. We study these age and cohort patterns in tasks and skills in European countries. Changes in the task composition were happening much ...
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