i-View Meetings, Mazowiecka Str. 9
the effect of ICT, automation and offshoring on labour markets in emerging and middle-income countriesTechnology and globalisation have changed the way work is performed around the world. Numerous studies showed that middle-skilled, routine-intensive employment is falling in the US and Western European countries, leading to job polarisation and driving up inequality. Automation, offshoring and import competition from emerging economies, especially China, are the commonly identified factors behind these changes. However, little attention has been given to the global picture and the effect of ICT, automation and offshoring on labour markets in emerging and middle-income countries. The studies presented at the seminar are parts of research conducted by:
- Institute for Structural Research (IBS)
- Institute for Emerging Market Studies, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST)
- Institute of Population and Labor Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Science (CASS)
- Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology (PG)
task content of jobsThe Institute for Structural Research (IBS) was represented by Piotr Lewandowski, who showed the results of research, conducted together with Wojciech Hardy from IBS, on the global distribution of work in 40 countries around the world (including emerging markets). The IBS research contributes to current literature by means of the used measures. In literature the task content of jobs (their type and way of performing) is most often measured using the O*NET database on occupations in the US. Though this is a standard, it also eliminates any potential differences in occupations between countries. Some researchers construct measures based on individual data - STEP and PIAAC, but their comparability with O*NET data is limited. IBS researchers combine the O*NET comparability, while retaining the differences in occupations across countries, as evidenced in STEP and PIAAC data. The IBS analysis of the task intensities in 40 countries points to significant differences to the US not only in terms of the occupational structure, but also in terms of the tasks performed within each of the occupations.
text - bmk translation - am
The project is financially supported by the Minister of Science and Higher Education in Poland from resources for science dissemination (No. 892/P-DUN/2017).