The aim of the report is to present the scale and characteristics of energy poverty in Poland based on the latest available data. Energy poverty in 2016 affected 12.2% of Poland's population, or 4.6 million people (1.3 million households). Its rate has decreased in the last 5 years by 2.2 percentage points (compared to 14.4% of energy poor in 2012). The improvement in the situation of households was to a large extent the result of an increase in income. Energy poverty should be seen not as an aspect of income poverty but as a separate dimension of deprivation: almost 6% of Poland’s population (2.1 million) were energy poor, but not income poor. The vast majority (2/3) of the energy poor were rural areas’ inhabitants. This is a consequence of the relatively lower incomes of rural areas’ inhabitants and the fact that they live in detached houses, often quite large and of low energy efficiency. An important aspect is also the frequent lack of access to the heating and gas network.

publication year: 2018

language : Polish, English

thematic categories :

additional information: Project funded by the European Climate Foundation. Own study based on data from the Polish Household Budget Survey 2012–2016 by the Central Statistical Office. The Central Statistical Office is not liable for the data and conclusions presented in the publication. The content of this publication presents the opinions of the authors, which may diverge from the position of the Institute for Structural Research. The usual disclaimers apply. ***The first version of the brief report was published in January 2018. The revised version was published in February 2018 (errata: chart "The energy poor, by type of housing").

Projects related to this publication:

Energy Poverty

Katarzyna Sałach

University of Warsaw, Faculty of Economic Sciences

Piotr Lewandowski

Institute for Structural Research (IBS)

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