Centrum Konferencyjne Ogrodowa 58, Ogrodowa 58 Str. (VIP room)
Risks involved with the Winter PackageIn the first presentation prof. Władysław Mielczarski from Łódź University of Technology introduced main risks involved with the Winter Package and its impact on energy sector. He indicated five dimensions of the Energy Union: decarbonisation, energy efficiency, energy security, internal energy market and research, innovation and competitiveness.
EUA prices in EU ETSRobert Jeszke from National Centre for Emissions Management (KOBiZE) showed the key determinants and trends in EUA prices evolution. In his opinion the link between EUA prices and prices for energy commodities exists because energy carriers are substituted in the energy supply and some industries covered by the EU ETS have the ability to switch between various fuels in their production process. Increasing prices for gas and oil (with coal prices constant) will lead to an increasing demand for coal and therefore an increasing demand for EUAs.
The role of coal in Polish Energy MixDr Artur Wyrwa from AGH University of Science and Technology presented simulations on the role of coal in the Polish Energy Mix. He concluded, that coal-fired units will still dominate power generation in the next 15-20 years in Poland, but the relative share of coal in the Polish energy mix will gradually decrease, in particular after 2030, giving a space for new power generation technologies. However, even in the optimistic scenario, the share of solid fuels in electricity production in Poland will decrease from current level of over 80% to 48% in 2050.
The costs of low-carbon transition for the labour marketMarek Antosiewicz from IBS presented the macroeconomic costs for the economy of implementing a low carbon transition pathway in Poland. The results were obtained using a combination of an energy system optimization model and a macroeconomic general equilibrium model called MEMO. Results show that the drop in the levels of GDP and employment would not exceed 1%, and what is more important, that this drop would only be temporary.
Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping method for structuring Stakeholder's opinion on low-carbon transitionProf. Haris Doukas and Alexandros Nikas from the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) together with Aleksander Szpor (IBS) led workshops on Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping. This method is used to collect qualitative data and to process them quantitatively to support decision-making. The basis of the study are the respondents opinions on the problem and the possible solutions. Processing these data using the appropriate models allows you to structure and visualize problems for which economic or technological models do not provide enough answers. During the workshop, the influence of previously isolated uncertainties related to two paths of energy transformation was discussed: modernisation of coal energy and implementation of mix based on unstable energy sources.
Do we need gas as a bridging fuel?Then Paula Diaz and dr Oscar van Vliet from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, tried to answer the question, whether we need gas as a bridging fuel? The answer based on the example of Switzerland is “no” – gas delivers little to no cost savings as a bridging fuel in a system that switches to wind and solar.
Diversification of investments in energy technologiesDr hab. Karolina Safarzyńska from the University of Warsaw described the importance of diversification in transitions to a low-carbon economy. The pros of diversification are keeping the options open for the future and improving adaptability of the system, while the cons are foregone costs of scale and specialization as well as costs of maintaining.
When and how to switch to green R&D?Dr Jan Witajewski-Baltvilks from IBS sketched an economic model which predicts that an investment in green R&D in one part of the world (e.g. in EU) can encourage similar investment in the other parts of the world. Then he noticed that fast drop in Renewable Energy Sources (RES) instalation costs may lead to strategic delay of investors to invest in RES (article). Finally, the economist showed how green growth may generate macroeconomic costs when the flow of labour between sectors faces frictions (see more results).
The participants could also discuss the risks connected with low-carbon transition during the short discussion arranged by dr Jenny Lieu from the Science Policy Research Unit (University of Sussex) – co-ordinator of the TRANSrisk project.
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We encourage to see the presentations below and to investigate the TRANSrisk project deliverables (see).
We would like to thank all speakers and participants for an interesting meeting!
photos: Kuba Kilian